|Publication: Tactiques 1
|Location: Audierne, France
|Scenario Date: 20/09/1944
|# of Turns: 8
|# of Maps: 2
|Maps Used: 11, 13
|Attacker: American / FFI
Brest was surrounded and eventually stormed by the U.S. VIII Corps. The fight proved extremely difficult, as the German garrison was well entrenched and partially made up of elite Fallschirmjäger (paratroopers) forces.
The German paratroopers lived up to their reputation, as the Allies had experienced previously in battles such as Monte Cassino. Whilst some less capable units surrendered quite easily, the Fallschirmjäger defended their ground under considerable odds, heavy shelling, air strikes and American assaults. The attackers had heavy losses for every small advance they made into the city.
As per their military doctrine, the Americans tried to use their superior artillery firepower and air superiority to overcome the defenders, instead of fighting them hand-to-hand. The Germans, on their side, had stocked a considerable amount of ammunition for the defense of the city and had weapons of all calibers (from light flak to naval guns) dug in fortifications and in pillboxes.
The fighting was intense, the troops moving house to house. The fortifications (both French and German built) proved very difficult to overcome, and heavy barrages were fired by the artillery on both sides.
Eventually the old city of Brest was razed to the ground during the battle. Only some old medieval stone-built fortifications were left standing.
General Ramcke surrendered the city on 19 September 1944 to the Americans after rendering useless the port facilities. These would not be repaired in time to help the war effort as it was hoped. By this time, Paris had already been liberated by the Allied Armies, and Operation Market-Garden was already under way in the Netherlands.
The costly capture of Brest resulted in the decision to only surround the remaining German-occupied ports in France with the exception of those that could be captured from the march, instead of storming them in a set-piece battle. The exception was Le Havre, which was taken by the British 2nd Army in August 1944. Some of these Breton ports surrendered only by 9 May 1945, one day after Victory in Europe Day.
Source: Battle for Brest on Wikipedia
- Scenario TAC 9 in Tactiques 1
- Translated in English by the Coastal Fortress Gaming Group (Lezongar Stronghold).
After Action Report
- VASL setup file by ASL.NET: Local Download